The rules that govern how to score each individual Team Race is given in the Racing Rules of sailing Appendix D – specifically Rule D3.1.

Rule # Rule Wording Things to watch out for
D3.1 (a) Each boat finishing a race shall be scored points equal to her finishing place. All other boats shall be scored points equal to the number of boats entitled to race.
  • A boat that does not start or does not finish will be scored as the number of boats entitled to race. E.g. in 3 v 3 this is 6 points.
  • This is different to fleet racing. There is no +1
D3.1 (b) When a boat is scored OCS, 10 points shall be added to her score unless she retired as soon as possible after the starting signal.
  • You add 10 points to anyone that is over the start line and does not return. For example if they finish in first place but were OCS they score 11 points
  • This is different to fleet racing. The other boats do not have their scores adjusted – for example if a team win 1,2,3 but the boat in first place was OCS they should be scored 11,2,3 = 16 points and the opponents will be scored 4,5,6 = 15 points.
  • The start boat needs to record which boat (e.g. boat 5) was over the line so that the results are accurately recorded. Similarly, the finish boat needs to ensure they record the order in which every boat crosses the line, regardless of whether they were OCS or not.
  • We have also published a shorter article about scoring OCS.
D3.1 (c) When a boat fails to take a penalty imposed by an umpire at or near the finishing line, she shall be scored points for last place and other scores shall be adjusted accordingly.
D3.1 (d) When a protest committee decides that a boat that is a party to a protest hearing has broken a rule and is not exonerated:

  1. If the boat has not taken a penalty, 6 points shall be added to her score;
  2. If the boat’s team has gained an advantage despite any penalty taken or imposed, the boat’s score may be increased;
  3. When the boat has broken rule 1 or 2, rule 14 when she has caused damage or injury, or a rule when not racing, half or more race wins may be deducted from her team, or no penalty may be imposed. Race wins deducted shall not be awarded to any other team.
  • These penalties can only be given by a protest committee – scorers should liase with the chair of the protest committee (or the chief umpire) to confirm if any penalties have been awarded.
  • If you are using HLS – this is changed by the sailing instructions. Whenever the protest committee gives a ‘wins’ penalty, this is change to be both a wins & points penalty.
D3.2 When all boats on one team have finished, retired or failed to start, the other team’s boats racing at that time shall be scored the points they would have received had they finished.
  • If a team is very behind, they can be scored 4,5,6 without having to sail the course. This means changeovers can be sped up.
D3.3 The team with the lower total points wins the race. If the totals are equal, the team that does not have first place wins.
  • The last sentence deals with race ties and is very important for 2 and 4 boat team racing.

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